Apple Mac OS X Server Version 10.3 or Later Getting Started Manual

Apple Server, Software Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual Free PDF Download on Guides-Base.com

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software PDF Getting started manual

  • Model: Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later
  • Brand: Apple
  • Type: Getting started manual
  • Category: Server, Software
  • File Size: (3.53 Mb)
  • No. of pages: 139
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1 Page 1 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual Mac OS X Server Getting Started For Version 10.3 or Later 034-2412_Cvr 9/12/03 10:19 AM Page 1 (...)

2 Page 2 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual K Apple Computer, Inc. © 2003 Apple Computer, Inc. All rights reserved. The owner or authorized user of a valid copy of Mac OS X Server software may reproduce this publication for the purpose of learning to use such software. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted for commercial purposes, such as selling copies of this publication or for providing paid for support services. Every effort has been made to (...)

3 Page 3 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual 3 1 Contents Preface 9 About This Guide 9 What’s New in Version 10.3 9 Superior Performance and Scalability 10 Improved Setup, Management, and Monitoring 11 Enhanced Network and Directory Services 12 Improved Windows Integration 13 New Workgroup and Desktop Management Features 13 What’s Included in This Guide 13 Part I: Introduction to Mac OS X Server 13 Part II: Installation and (...)

4 Page 4 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later 4 Contents 32 Discovery of Network Services 32 User Management 32 User Accounts 33 Group Accounts 33 Home Directories 33 Macintosh User Management 34 Windows User Management 34 System Image Services 34 NetBoot 35 Network Install 35 File Services 36 Sharing 36 Apple File Service 36 Windows Services 37 Network File System (NFS) Service 37 File Transfer Protocol (FTP) 38 (...)

5 Page 5 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual Contents 5 51 Workgroup Manager 51 Opening and Authenticating in Workgroup Manager 52 Using Workgroup Manager 55 Server Admin 55 Opening and Authenticating in Server Admin 55 Using Server Admin 58 System Image Management 58 Server Monitor 59 Media Streaming Management 59 Apple Remote Desktop 60 Command-Line Tools 60 Macintosh Manager 60 Working With Version 10.2 Servers From Versio (...)

6 Page 6 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual 6 Contents 80 Information You Need 80 Upgrading From Version 10.1 or 10.2 81 Preparing Disks for Installing Mac OS X Server 82 Hardware-Specific Instructions for Installing Mac OS X Server 82 Identifying Remote Servers When Installing Mac OS X Server 82 Installing Server Software Interactively From the Install Discs 82 Using Installer to Install Locally From the Install Discs 83 Using Server Assistant to Install Re (...)

7 Page 7 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Contents 7 12 0 How to Set Up the Server Glossary 12 7 Index 137 LL2343.Book Page 7 Thursday, August 14, 2003 5:12 PM (...)

8 Page 8 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual LL2343.Book Page 8 Thursday, August 14, 2003 5:12 PM (...)

9 Page 9 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual 9 Preface About This Guide This guide provides an orientation to the features and initial setup of Mac OS X Server version 10.3. The guide will help you prepare your server to start serving your users and your business needs. What’s New in Version 10.3 Mac OS X Server version 10.3 builds on the award-winning capabilities of version 10.2 with major enhancements in the following key areas: • Performance and scalability • S (...)

10 Page 10 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual 10 Preface About This Guide • Optimized for the G5. Mac OS X Server version 10.3 features support for Apple’s G5 systems. In addition to benefiting from the increased performance and faster clock speed of the ultrafast 64-bit processor, Mac OS X Server enables users to leverage the advanced capabilities of the G5-based architecture, such as native double-precision (64-bit) arithmetic and support for more than 4 GB of physi (...)

11 Page 11 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Preface About This Guide 11 Enhanced Network and Directory Services Network and directory services in Mac OS X Server version 10.3 have been greatly enhanced to provide more scalability, performance, and enterprise-strength capabilities: • Open Directory 2—robust LDAP solution with Kerberos authentication. Mac OS X Server version 10.3 features Open Directory 2, the latest version of Apple’s standards- based directory and (...)

12 Page 12 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later 12 Preface About This Guide • Support from home directories—Support for streaming movies from users’ network home directories. • Apache web server deployment and configuration enhancements. Mac OS X Server version 10.3 features an enhanced user interface for configuring Apache—the world’s most widely used web server. Part of Server Admin, the new web server interface makes it easier to set up and manage multiple we (...)

13 Page 13 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual Preface About This Guide 13 New Workgroup and Desktop Management Features Mac OS X Server version 10.3 improves your ability to manage Macintosh client desktops: • Enhanced image management. You can create a NetBoot or Network Install image that mimics an existing system. The source of the image can be a volume or a partition. Other image management enhancements include improved client filtering and diskless NetBoot for Ma (...)

14 Page 14 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual 14 Preface About This Guide Getting Additional Information Mac OS X Server comes with a suite of guides that explain the services and provide instructions for configuring, managing, and troubleshooting them. Most of these documents come on the Mac OS X Server Administration Tools disc. All of them are available in PDF format from www.apple.com/server/documentation/. This guide Tells you how to Mac OS X Server Migration To Ver (...)

15 Page 15 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual Preface About This Guide 15 For more information, consult these resources: • Read Me documents contain important updates and special information. Look for them on the server discs. • Online help, available from the Help menu in all the server applications, provides onscreen instructions for administration tasks as well as late breaking news and web updates. • Apple support web pages and Knowledge Base provide answers to co (...)

16 Page 16 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual LL2343.Book Page 16 Thursday, August 14, 2003 5:12 PM (...)

17 Page 17 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual I Part I: Introduction to Mac OS X Server The chapters in this part of the guide introduce you to Mac OS X Server and the applications and tools available for administering its services. Chapter 1 Mac OS X Server in Action Chapter 2 Inside Mac OS X Server Chapter 3 Server Administration LL2343.Book Page 17 Thursday, August 14, 2003 5:12 PM (...)

18 Page 18 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual LL2343.Book Page 18 Thursday, August 14, 2003 5:12 PM (...)

19 Page 19 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual 1 19 1 Mac OS X Server in Action Mac OS X Server addresses the needs of many environments. This chapter offers a brief graphical tour that highlights services and configurations of special interest in some popular scenarios: • Enterprise organizations • Higher-education facilities • K-12 labs and classrooms • Small and medium businesses • Computational clustering • Creative businesses • Web service providers LL234 (...)

20 Page 20 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later 20 Chapter 1 Mac OS X Server in Action Enterprise Organizations In large organizations, Mac OS X Server helps you support the special needs of departments and workgroups, but centralize corporate-level services. • Open Directory lets you manage directory data centrally, but distribute it geographically using replication. • Other enterprise-level services might include Domain Name System (DNS), Dynamic Host Configuration Pro (...)

21 Page 21 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Chapter 1 Mac OS X Server in Action 21 • Mac OS X Server integrates well with existing corporate services, from directory systems to Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) implementations. • In addition to hosting replicated Open Directory domains for local authentication, departmental servers can be tailored to support workgroup needs. If a department uses a lot of Windows computers, you can set up the department’s Ma (...)

22 Page 22 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later 22 Chapter 1 Mac OS X Server in Action • The wide range of client computers—Macintosh, Windows, UNIX, Linux—demands flexible file access support. The highly scalable IP-based file services in Mac OS X Server support file access from anywhere on the network via Apple Filing Protocol (AFP), Network File System (NFS), File Transfer Protocol (FTP), and Server Message Block (SMB). • Mac OS X Server can host home directories (...)

23 Page 23 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual Chapter 1 Mac OS X Server in Action 23 Teachers need file services support so they can make lesson plans and teaching materials available to students online. Teachers also need a way to retrieve and perhaps update student records and other administrative information that is centralized on a remote server. • Mac OS X Server’s client management service provides a way to control student Macintosh computer work environments. F (...)

24 Page 24 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual 24 Chapter 1 Mac OS X Server in Action Small and Medium Businesses Small businesses (fewer than 100 employees) and medium businesses (about 100 to 500 employees) benefit from cross-platform file and printer sharing, network services, mail, web, and database applications. The directory and network services in the following picture reside on one Mac OS X Server, while a second server hosts mail, web, and other employee productivit (...)

25 Page 25 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual Chapter 1 Mac OS X Server in Action 25 • Network Address Translation (NAT) service lets employees share a single Internet connection. NAT converts all client IP addresses to one IP address for Internet communications. Computational Clustering Clusters of Xserves offer a high-performance, cost-effective approach to the computationally intensive processing needed for genetic research, video production, or other high-bandwidth c (...)

26 Page 26 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual 26 Chapter 1 Mac OS X Server in Action You can write, compile, and debug using C, C++, Objective-C, or Java. Project Builder can be used to port command-line applications to Mac OS X and Mac OS X Server or to enhance them with a Mac OS X user interface. • An administrator computer, such as an iBook running Mac OS X Server administrative applications, can be used to manage the entire network. Creative Businesses Mac OS X Server (...)

27 Page 27 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual Chapter 1 Mac OS X Server in Action 27 Web Service Providers Mac OS X Server provides the full range of services you need if you host ecommerce websites or provide other Internet services that require high availability and scalability. You can configure Mac OS X Server computers for shared access by multiple users and companies. The term server farm is sometimes used to describe a collection of networked web servers that each h (...)

28 Page 28 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual 28 Chapter 1 Mac OS X Server in Action • QuickTime Streaming Server lets you broadcast multimedia in real time, including live QuickTime Broadcaster streams. • Xserve RAID provides extended storage. • High availability support includes automatic restart following a service or power failure and IP failover. IP failover can be configured using IP over FireWire, which lets you interconnect redundant servers without using up g (...)

29 Page 29 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual 2 29 2 Inside Mac OS X Server Mac OS X Server blends a mature, stable UNIX foundation with open standards support and Macintosh ease of use. This chapter introduces the services that Mac OS X Server offers and tells you where to find more information about them. Core System Services Mac OS X Server is built on top of Darwin—the core Mac OS X operating system. Darwin integrates Mach 3.0 operating-system services based on 4.4 B (...)

30 Page 30 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual 30 Chapter 2 Inside Mac OS X Server Open Directory Open Directory is Mac OS X Server’s directory services framework. Directory services are the means by which a server and its clients (users and services) locate and retrieve information needed for authentication, network resource discovery, and other crucial system activities. User and group information is needed to authenticate users when they log in and to authorize their a (...)

31 Page 31 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Chapter 2 Inside Mac OS X Server 31 Using Other Directories Open Directory lets you take advantage of information you have already set up in non- Apple directories and in flat files: • On other LDAPv3 servers • On Active Directory servers • In Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) configuration files • In Sun Microsystems Network Information System (NIS) files Mac OS X Server provides full read/write and Secure Sockets Layer (...)

32 Page 32 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual 32 Chapter 2 Inside Mac OS X Server The following services on Mac OS X Server support Kerberos authentication: AFP, mail, FTP, SSH, and login window. • Storing passwords in user accounts. This approach may be useful when migrating user accounts from earlier server versions. However, this approach may not support clients that require certain network-secure authentication protocols, such as APOP. • Non-Apple LDAPv3 authentic (...)

33 Page 33 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual Chapter 2 Inside Mac OS X Server 33 Group Accounts Group accounts offer a simple way to manage a collection of users with similar needs. A group account stores the identities of users who belong to the group as well as information that lets you customize the working environment for members of a group. Home Directories A home directory is a folder where a user’s files and preferences are stored. Other users can see a user’s h (...)

34 Page 34 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual 34 Chapter 2 Inside Mac OS X Server • You can set up mobile accounts to support users who use their computers both on and off the network. Mobile Accounts Mobile accounts let the user of a Mac OS X version 10.3 or later computers work offline but continue to • Log in using the network name and password • Experience the same managed preference settings Windows User Management You can maximize the support you provide for Wind (...)

35 Page 35 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual Chapter 2 Inside Mac OS X Server 35 • NetBoot simplifies the administration of large-scale deployments of network-based Macintosh systems or racks of Xserves. It’s ideal for an organization with a number of computers that need to be identically configured; for example, NetBoot can offer a web service provider a way to configure multiple web servers. • NetBoot also lets you set up multiple NetBoot disk images, so you can b (...)

36 Page 36 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual 36 Chapter 2 Inside Mac OS X Server The file services administration guide describes how to set up and manage Mac OS X Server file services. The Windows services administration guide provides information on sharing files with Windows users. Sharing You share files among users by designating share points. A share point is a folder, hard disk (or hard disk partition), or CD that you make accessible over the network. It’s the po (...)

37 Page 37 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Chapter 2 Inside Mac OS X Server 37 Windows file service provides several ways to manage locks for Windows share points: • Opportunistic locking offers a way to optimize performance for share points used only by Windows clients. Opportunistic locking is disabled by default because it is not compatible with NFS or AFP. Opportunistic locks, which allow clients to do more dynamic client-side caching, are only enforced by SMB. • (...)

38 Page 38 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual 38 Chapter 2 Inside Mac OS X Server Mac OS X Server supports anonymous FTP and by default prevents anonymous FTP users from deleting files, renaming files, overwriting files, and changing file permissions. Explicit action must be taken by the server administrator to allow uploads from anonymous FTP users, and then only into a specific share point. Print Service Print service in Mac OS X Server lets you share network and direct-c (...)

39 Page 39 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual Chapter 2 Inside Mac OS X Server 39 Web service’s Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) support enables secure encryption and authentication for ecommerce websites and confidential materials. An easy-to-use digital certificate provides non-forgeable proof of your website identity. Mac OS X Server offers extensive support for dynamic websites: • Web service supports Java Servlets, JavaServer Pages, MySQL, PHP, Perl, and U (...)

40 Page 40 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual 40 Chapter 2 Inside Mac OS X Server Network Services Mac OS X Server includes these network services for helping you manage Internet communications on your TCP/IP network: • Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) • Domain Name System (DNS) • Firewall • Network Address Translation (NAT) • Virtual Private Network (VPN) • Network time service • IP failover The network services administration guide provides complet (...)

41 Page 41 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual Chapter 2 Inside Mac OS X Server 41 Mac OS X Server provides administration tools for service configuration management and zone control as well as for monitoring, providing a graphical way to: • Enable zone transfers and recursion • Specify interfaces on which to listen for DNS requests • Maintain blocked host lists • Work with log files • Manage zones and their records Firewall Firewall service protects your server and (...)

42 Page 42 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual 42 Chapter 2 Inside Mac OS X Server VPN You can set up a Virtual Private Network (VPN) using Mac OS X Server. VPN is a network transmission protocol that uses encryption and other technologies to provide secure communications over a public network. Typically the public network is the Internet, but VPNs are also used to support connections between multiple intranets within the same organization and to join networks between two or (...)

43 Page 43 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual Chapter 2 Inside Mac OS X Server 43 Two QuickTime applications that come with Mac OS X Server help you prepare content for streaming: • QTSS Publisher lets you upload content to the streaming server and prepare it for delivery. It provides these key features: creation and management of playlists, generation of content directory websites, and editing of content annotations. The QuickTime Streaming Server administration guide d (...)

44 Page 44 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual 44 Chapter 2 Inside Mac OS X Server JBoss JBoss is a widely used full-featured Java application server. It provides a full Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE) technology stack with features such as: • An Enterprise Java Bean (EJB) container • Java Management Extensions (JMX) • Java Connector Architecture (JCA) Mac OS X Server provides easy-to-use graphical tools for configuring and monitoring JBoss and simplifying th (...)

45 Page 45 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual Chapter 2 Inside Mac OS X Server 45 For Windows users, your server can provide VPN service, file and printer sharing, and Open Directory authentication. You can also host Windows user home directories if you set up a Windows PDC on Mac OS X Server. You’ll find instructions for setting up a server to work with other vendors’ products in several guides: • The Open Directory administration guide provides guidelines and instr (...)

46 Page 46 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual LL2343.Book Page 46 Thursday, August 14, 2003 5:12 PM (...)

47 Page 47 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later 3 47 3 Server Administration Manage Mac OS X Server using graphical applications or command-line tools. These tools offer a diversity of approaches to server administration: • You can administer servers locally (directly on the server you are using) or remotely—from another server, a Mac OS X computer, or a UNIX workstation. • Graphical applications, such as Server Admin and Workgroup Manager, offer easy-to- use server ad (...)

48 Page 48 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later 48 Chapter 3 Server Administration The next section describes how to set up a computer on which you can use these applications and tools. Computers You Can Use to Administer a Server When you want to administer a local server using the graphical administration applications (they’re in /Applications/Server/), log in to the server as an administrator and open them. To administer a remote server, open the applications on an admi (...)

49 Page 49 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual Chapter 3 Server Administration 49 Setting Up an Administrator Computer An administrator computer is a computer with Mac OS X or Mac OS X Server version 10.3 or later that you use to manage remote servers. Once you’ve installed and set up a Mac OS X Server that has a display, keyboard, and optical drive, it is already an administrator computer. To make a computer with Mac OS X into an administrator computer, you need to insta (...)

50 Page 50 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual 50 Chapter 3 Server Administration Installer Use the Installer to install server software on a local server from the install discs that came with your server. The Installer lets you perform: • A clean installation of Mac OS X Server, which installs version 10.3 after erasing and formatting a target disk • An upgrade installation, which upgrades version 10.1 or 10.2 servers to version 10.3 without erasing any data See Chapter (...)

51 Page 51 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual Chapter 3 Server Administration 51 Workgroup Manager You use Workgroup Manager to administer user, group, and computer accounts, work with managed client preferences for Mac OS X users, manage share points, and access the Inspector, an advanced feature that lets you do raw editing of Open Directory entries. Information about using Workgroup Manager appears in several documents: • The user management guide explains how to use W (...)

52 Page 52 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual 52 Chapter 3 Server Administration Using Workgroup Manager After login, the user account window appears, showing a list of user accounts. Initially, the accounts listed are those stored in the last directory node of the server’s search path. Here is how to get started with the major tasks you perform with this application: • To administer user, group, or computer accounts, click the Accounts icon in the t (...)

53 Page 53 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual Chapter 3 Server Administration 53 • To work with managed client preferences for user, group, or computer accounts, click the Preferences icon in the toolbar. • To work with share points, click the Sharing icon in the toolbar. LL2343.Book Page 53 Thursday, August 14, 2003 5:12 PM (...)

54 Page 54 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual 54 Chapter 3 Server Administration • To display the Inspector, choose Workgroup Manager > Preferences. Enable the setting that shows the Inspector and click OK. Select the “All records” button (which looks like a bull’s-eye) to access the Inspector. • To control the Workgroup Manager environment, you have several options. To control the way Workgroup Manager lists users and groups, whether it should use SSL transact (...)

55 Page 55 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual Chapter 3 Server Administration 55 Server Admin You use Server Admin to administer services on one or more Mac OS X Server computers. Opening and Authenticating in Server Admin Server Admin is installed in /Applications/Server/. To open Server Admin, click the Server Admin icon in the Dock or click the Admin button on the Workgroup Manager toolbar. To select a server to work with, enter its IP address or DNS name in the login di (...)

56 Page 56 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual 56 Chapter 3 Server Administration To add a server to the Computers & Services list, click Add Server in the toolbar and log in to the server. The next time you open Server Admin, any server you have added is displayed in the list. To limit the items that appear in the Computers & Services list, use the pop-up menu above the list to select the items you want to see listed. To change the order of servers in the list, dra (...)

57 Page 57 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Chapter 3 Server Administration 57 • To work with a particular service on a server, click the service in the list under the server in the Computers & Services list. You can view information about a service (logs, graphs, and so forth) and manage its settings. Administration guides for individual services provide detailed instructions. To start or stop a service, select it in the Computers & Services list, then click St (...)

58 Page 58 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual 58 Chapter 3 Server Administration • To access Workgroup Manager, click the Workgroup Manager icon in the toolbar. System Image Management To create and manage NetBoot and Network Install images, you use several applications: • NetBoot Desktop Admin lets you modify Mac OS 9 images. • Network Image Utility lets you create and modify Mac OS X images, including Network Install images that re-create an existing volume or partit (...)

59 Page 59 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual Chapter 3 Server Administration 59 • Use the “Update every” pop-up menu in the Info pane to specify how often you want to refresh data. • Choose File > Export or File > Import to manage different lists of Xserve servers you want to monitor. Choose File > Merge to consolidate lists into one. • The system identifier lights on the front and back of an Xserve server light when service is required. Use Server Monit (...)

60 Page 60 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual 60 Chapter 3 Server Administration Command-Line Tools If you are an administrator who prefers to work in a command-line environment, you can do so with Mac OS X Server. From the Terminal application in Mac OS X, you can use the built-in UNIX shells (sh, csh, tsh, zsh, bash) to use tools for installing and setting up server software and for configuring and monitoring services. You can also submit commands from a non- Mac OS X com (...)

61 Page 61 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual II Part II: Installation and Initial Setup The chapters in this part of this guide tell you how to install server software and set up a server for the first time. Chapter 4 Installation and Setup Overview Chapter 5 Before You Begin Chapter 6 Installing Server Software Chapter 7 Initial Server Setup Appendix A Mac OS X Server Worksheet Appendix B Setup Example LL2343.Book Page 61 Thursday, August 14, 2003 5:12 PM (...)

62 Page 62 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual LL2343.Book Page 62 Thursday, August 14, 2003 5:12 PM (...)

63 Page 63 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual 4 63 4 Installation and Setup Overview Before installing and setting up Mac OS X Server, take the time to do a little planning and to familiarize yourself with your options. This chapter is a roadmap to details presented in later chapters. It surveys the stages of installation and initial server setup and the options available to you during each stage. Planning During the planning stage, you determine how you want to use Mac OS (...)

64 Page 64 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual 64 Chapter 4 Installation and Setup Overview Installing Server Software Some computers come with Mac OS X Server version 10.3 software already installed. Nonetheless, there are several times you need to install server software, as when you want to upgrade from a version 10.1 or 10.2 server, change a computer with Mac OS X into a server, or completely refresh your server environment. You can install server software: • From the (...)

65 Page 65 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual Chapter 4 Installation and Setup Overview 65 Remote Installation From the Server Install Discs If the target server has no keyboard or display or if it’s not the computer you are using, you can use an administrator computer to install server software from the server install discs. An administrator computer is a version 10.3 Mac OS X Server or version 10.3 Mac OS X computer onto which you’ve installed server management softw (...)

66 Page 66 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual 66 Chapter 4 Installation and Setup Overview Alternatively, you can use the command line. After booting the target server, from an administrator computer, connect to the target server using SSH and follow the instructions in “Using the installer Command-Line Tool to Install Server Software” on page 85. If you have multiple servers onto which you want to install server software, boot them from an install disc, then open a Te (...)

67 Page 67 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual Chapter 4 Installation and Setup Overview 67 Initial Server Setup After installing server software, the next task is to set up the server. During server setup, basic server characteristics are established. For example: • The language to use for server administration and the computer keyboard layout are defined. • An administrator user is defined and the user’s home directory is created. • Default AFP and FTP share points, (...)

68 Page 68 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual 68 Chapter 4 Installation and Setup Overview When multiple remote servers can use the same setup data, you can supply the data, and then initiate setup of all the servers at once, using a batch approach. This technique, shown on the left side of the picture below, requires that network identifiers for all the target servers be set using DHCP or BootP. See “Setting Up Multiple Remote Servers Interactively in a Batch” on page (...)

69 Page 69 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual Chapter 4 Installation and Setup Overview 69 Automating Server Setup When you have more than just a few servers to set up, consider using automated server setup. This approach also provides a way to preserve setup data so it can be reused should you want or need to reinstall server software. Use Server Assistant to specify setup data, then save the data in a file or in a directory. Using Setup Data Stored in a File When you place (...)

70 Page 70 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual 70 Chapter 4 Installation and Setup Overview Then plug the iPod into the next server. Each server recognizes its own file, because it’s been named using one of its identifiers and resides in a known location. For example, a server with WXYZ1234 as the first eight characters of its built-in serial number would use this setup file to set itself up: /Volumes/MyIPod/Auto Server Setup/ WXYZ1234.plist. Alternatively, a server’s I (...)

71 Page 71 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual Chapter 4 Installation and Setup Overview 71 The most critical components of the infrastructure are DHCP and Open Directory, as the following picture illustrates. The Open Directory server in this example hosts an LDAP directory in which setup data has been saved. The address of the Open Directory server is registered with DHCP service, running on another server in this example. The DHCP service provides the Open Directory serv (...)

72 Page 72 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual 72 Chapter 4 Installation and Setup Overview Setting Up Services After initial server setup is complete, you can: • Finish migrating data from a previous server, if you still need to do so. • Set up individual services you want to provide, using the server administration tools described in Chapter 3, “Server Administration,” on page 47. Keeping Current As update releases of Mac OS X Server become available, use the Softwa (...)

73 Page 73 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual 5 73 5 Before You Begin Before installing and setting up Mac OS X Server, take the time to do a little planning. The major goals of the planning phase are to make sure that: • Server user and administrator needs are addressed by the servers you deploy • Server and service prerequisites that affect installation and initial setup are identified Installation planning is especially important if you are integrating Mac OS X Server (...)

74 Page 74 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later 74 Chapter 5 Before You Begin • What user management requirements need to be met? Will user computers need to be NetBooted? Will Macintosh client management and network home directories be required? Individuals with server administration experience should work with server users who may not have a technical background, so that they better appreciate how certain services might benefit them. • What existing non-Apple services, (...)

75 Page 75 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Chapter 5 Before You Begin 75 • Home directories for network users can be consolidated onto one server or distributed among various servers. While you can move home directories if you need to, you may need to change a large number of user and share point records, so devise a strategy that will persist for a reasonable amount of time. See the user management guide for information about home directories. • Some services offer (...)

76 Page 76 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual 76 Chapter 5 Before You Begin When you can’t use the upgrade approach, you can migrate data and settings. You’ll need to migrate, not upgrade, when • A version 10.1 or 10.2 server’s hard disk needs reformatting, or does not meet the minimum version 10.3 hardware requirements (see “Understanding System Requirements for Installing Mac OS X Server” on page 79). • You want to move data and settings you’ve been using (...)

77 Page 77 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual Chapter 5 Before You Begin 77 • Are there air conditioning or power requirements that need to be met? See the documentation that comes with server hardware for this kind of information. • Have you been thinking about upgrading elements such as cables, switches, and power supplies? Now may be a good time to do it. • Are your TCP/IP network and subnets configured to support the services and servers you want to deploy? Define (...)

78 Page 78 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later 78 Chapter 5 Before You Begin 5 Populate the directory with data, such as users, groups, and home directory data. This process involves, for example, importing users and groups, setting up share points, setting up managed preferences, and so forth. 6 Configure DHCP to specify the address of the directory server so it can be served to DHCP clients. Your particular needs may affect this sequence. For example, if you want to use VP (...)

79 Page 79 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual 6 79 6 Installing Server Software You can upgrade to Mac OS X Server version 10.3 from version 10.1 or 10.2 or you can perform a clean installation of Mac OS X Server version 10.3. Review the system requirements below and “Information You Need” on page 80 before using the detailed installation instructions, which you’ll find as indicated in the following table. Understanding System Requirements for Installing Mac OS X (...)

80 Page 80 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual 80 Chapter 6 Installing Server Software The computer must have: • At least 128 megabytes (MB) of random access memory (RAM). At least 256 MB of RAM is required for high-demand servers running multiple services. • At least 4 gigabytes (GB) of disk space available. • A built-in USB port. A display and keyboard are optional. You can install server software on a computer that has no display and keyboard by using an administrato (...)

81 Page 81 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Chapter 6 Installing Server Software 81 • NetBoot settings and images • DHCP settings Preparing Disks for Installing Mac OS X Server When you perform a clean installation, the target disk or partition is erased and there are several disk-preparation tasks to perform: • Preserve any user data you want to save on the target disk or partition. See the migration guide for information on migrating data and settings. • In most (...)

82 Page 82 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual 82 Chapter 6 Installing Server Software Hardware-Specific Instructions for Installing Mac OS X Server When you install server software on Xserve systems, the procedure you use when starting the computer for installation is specific to the kind of Xserve hardware you have. You may need to refer to the “Xserve User’s Guide” or “Quick Start” that came with your Xserve, where these procedures are documented. Identifying Re (...)

83 Page 83 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual Chapter 6 Installing Server Software 83 3 Restart the computer while holding down the C key on the keyboard. The computer boots from the install disc. You can release the C key when you see the Apple logo. 4 When Installer opens, if you want to perform a clean installation, optionally use the Installer menu to open Disk Utility or Terminal to prepare the target disk before proceeding. Use Disk Utility to format the disk as Mac O (...)

84 Page 84 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual 84 Chapter 6 Installing Server Software 2 Start the target computer from the first install disc. The procedure you use depends on the target server hardware. If the target server has a keyboard and an optical drive, insert the first install disc into the optical drive. Then hold down the C key on the keyboard while restarting the computer. If the target server is an Xserve with a built-in optical drive, start the server using th (...)

85 Page 85 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual Chapter 6 Installing Server Software 85 Installing Server Software on a Computer With Mac OS X Version 10.3 Preinstalled Follow these instructions to install server software on a computer that came with Mac OS X version 10.3 installed. To install server software on your computer: 1 Start up the computer from the hard disk, as you would for normal use. Do not use the first install disc. 2 Insert the second install disc, then doub (...)

86 Page 86 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later 86 Chapter 6 Installing Server Software If the target server has a keyboard and an optical drive, insert the first install disc into the optical drive. Then hold down the C key on the keyboard while restarting the computer. If the target server is an Xserve with a built-in optical drive, start the server using the first install disc by following the instructions in the “Xserve User’s Guide” for starting from a system disc (...)

87 Page 87 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual Chapter 6 Installing Server Software 87 If you are installing a remote server, from Terminal on an administrator computer or from a UNIX workstation, establish an SSH session as the root user with the target server, substituting the target server’s actual IP address for <ip address>: ssh [email protected]<ip address> If you don’t know the IP address and the remote server is on the local subnet, you can use the sa_srchr comm (...)

88 Page 88 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual 88 Chapter 6 Installing Server Software Installing Optional Server Software To install Macintosh Manager, insert the Mac OS X Server Administration Tools disc and read the installation information provided on the disc. To install NetBoot for Mac OS 9, download a copy of the “NetBoot for Mac OS 9” CD image from www.info.apple.com. LL2343.Book Page 88 Thursday, August 14, 2003 5:12 PM (...)

89 Page 89 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual 7 89 7 Initial Server Setup Basic characteristics of your Mac OS X Server are established during initial server setup. Review “Information You Need” on page 90 before using the detailed installation instructions, which you’ll find as indicated in the following table. For information about See instructions for On Setting up servers interactively Using interactive server setup Setting up a local server interactively Postpo (...)

90 Page 90 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later 90 Chapter 7 Initial Server Setup Information You Need See Appendix A, “Mac OS X Server Worksheet,” on page 111 to understand and record information for each server you want to set up. The information below provides supplemental explanations for some of the items on the worksheet. When you are upgrading from Mac OS X Server version 10.1 or 10.2, Server Assistant displays the version 10.1 or 10.2 server settings, but you can (...)

91 Page 91 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual Chapter 7 Initial Server Setup 91 The device that is mounted as a file system can be the server’s hard drive or an iPod, CD, FireWire drive, USB drive, or other device plugged in to the server. For example, /Volumes/AdminiPod/Auto Server Setup/myserver.example.com.plist. • The setup file name is one of these; when searching for setup files, target servers search for names in the order listed: <MAC-address-of-server>.pl (...)

92 Page 92 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual 92 Chapter 7 Initial Server Setup Using Setup Data Saved in a Directory Using this approach offers the most unattended way to set up multiple servers, but it requires that you have a DHCP and directory infrastructure in place. Using Server Assistant, you save setup data to an existing directory the computer you are using is configured to access and from which you want newly installed servers to retrieve setup data. The schema of (...)

93 Page 93 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual Chapter 7 Initial Server Setup 93 The passphrase file can have one of these names; target servers search for names in the order listed: <MAC-address-of-server>.pass (include any leading zeros but omit colons). For example, 0030654dbcef.pass. <IP-address-of-server>.pass. For example, 10.0.0.4.pass. <partial-host-name-of-server>.pass. For example, myserver.pass. <built-in-hardware-serial-number-of-server>.pa (...)

94 Page 94 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual 94 Chapter 7 Initial Server Setup After setup, use the Directory Access or Server Admin applications to refine the server’s directory configuration, if necessary. Directory Access lets you set up connections with multiple directory domains and specify a search policy—the order in which the server should search through the domains. Server Admin lets you set up replication and manage other aspects of a server’s directory se (...)

95 Page 95 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual Chapter 7 Initial Server Setup 95 When a user attempts to log in to the server or use one of its services that require authentication, the server authenticates the user by consulting the local database. If the user has an account on the system and supplies the appropriate password, authentication succeeds. Setting Up a Server to Host an Open Directory Master When you want a server you are setting up to host an Apple LDAP directo (...)

96 Page 96 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later 96 Chapter 7 Initial Server Setup You can set up a server to use a NetInfo directory on Mac OS X Server version 10.0 and later or an LDAP directory on version 10.2. However, you may not be able to take advantage of some version 10.3 features: • Windows PDC service requires a version 10.3 LDAP master directory. • VPN needs version 10.3 if you want to use MS-CHAP2 authentication. • Password Server on version 10.2 can’t be r (...)

97 Page 97 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual Chapter 7 Initial Server Setup 97 Postponing Local Server Setups Following Installation After installation of server software on a local computer is complete, the computer restarts and Server Assistant opens automatically. If you want to postpone server setup until a later time, press Command-Q. The computer shuts down. When it’s restarted, Server Assistant opens automatically. Setting Up a Remote Server Interactively After ser (...)

98 Page 98 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual 98 Chapter 7 Initial Server Setup 11 To save the setup data as a text file or in a form you can reuse (a setup file or directory record), click Save As. All the settings you specified except the server serial number are saved. When you use setup data saved in a file or directory to set up a server, you need to use Server Admin to enter the serial number after the server setup is complete. To encrypt the file, select “Save in E (...)

99 Page 99 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Manual Chapter 7 Initial Server Setup 99 9 Enter the setup data as you move through the Assistant’s panes, following the onscreen instructions. When prompted, enter the serial number for each target server. 10 After all setup data has been specified, review the summary displayed by Server Assistant and optionally click Go Back to change data. 11 To save the setup data as a text file or in a form you can reuse (a setup file or director (...)

100 Page 100 of Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Getting started manual

Apple Mac OS X Server Web Technologies Administration For Version 10.3 or Later Server, Software Manual 100 Chapter 7 Initial Server Setup 8 In the Language pane, choose File > Open Configuration File or File > Open Directory Record to load the saved setup data you want to use. If the saved setup data is encrypted, type the passphrase when prompted. Optionally choose View > Jump to Review to review the setup data, then use Go Back as necessary to change it. 9 Enter the setup data as you move through the Assistant’s pane (...)

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